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The Marine 3: Homefront Cast, Plot, and Soundtrack Review

Oswald left for Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Miss., on theday his course was completed; 316 he traveled, probably by overnighttrain, in a group of six marines led by Pfc. Daniel P. Powers, thesenior marine in charge.317 At Keesler, he attended the AircraftControl and Warning Operator Course, which included instruction inaircraft surveillance and the use of radar.318 Powers was not surewhether he had met Oswald before the trip to Biloxi 319 but remembershim there as "a somewhat younger individual less matured than theother boys," who "was normally outside the particular group of marinesthat were in this attachment to Keesler." 320 (Oswald was in fact 3years younger than Powers.) 321 Powers testified that Oswald had thenickname "Ozzie Rabbit." 322 Oswald generally stayed to himself, oftenread-

The Marine 3 Subtitles 13

ing; he did not play cards or work out in the gym with the others.323He spent his weekends alone, away from the base; Powers thought heleft Biloxi and perhaps went "home" to New Orleans, less than 100miles away.324 He finished the course seventh in a class of 30 marineson June 17,325 and on June 25, was given an MOS (military occupationalspecialty) of Aviation Electronics Operator.326 On June 20, he went onleave,327 possibly visiting his mother.328 His ratings at Keesler were4.2 in conduct. and 4.5 in proficiency,329 which Powers thought was"pretty good." 330

On October 27, when Oswald opened his locker to remove some gear,a derringer .22 caliber pistol fell to the floor and discharged; thebullet hit him in the left elbow.341 Paul Edward Murphy, a fellowmarine who was in the next cubicle, heard the shot, rushed in, andfound Oswald sitting on the locker looking at his arm; withoutemotion, Oswald said to Murphy, "I believe I shot myself." 342 He wasin the naval hospital at Yokosuka until November 15.343

Oswald appears generally to have been regarded by his fellowsoverseas as an intelligent person who followed orders and did his workwell, but who complained frequently.365 He did not associate much withother marines and continued to read a great deal.366 Paul Murphytestified that Oswald could speak "a little Russian" while he wasoverseas.367 Powers believed that Oswald became more assertive inJapan and thought that he might have had a Japanese girl friend.368 Hedeparted from Yokosuka on board the USNS Barbet on November 2, andarrived in San Francisco 13 days later.369 On November 19, he took 30days' leave.370

It seems clear from the various recollections of those who knewhim at El Toro that by the time Oswald returned to the United States,he no longer had any spirit for the Marines; the attitudes which hadprompted his enlistment as soon as he was eligible were entirely gone,and his attention had turned away from the Marines to what he might doafter his discharge. While no one was able to predict his attempt todefect to Russia within a month after he left the Marines, thetestimony of those who knew him at El Toro in contrast to that of hisassociates in Japan, leaves no doubt that his thoughts were occupiedincreasingly with Russia and the Russian way of life. He had studiedthe Russian language enough by February 25, 1959, to request that hebe given a foreign language qualification test; his rating was "poor"in all parts of the test.385 Most of the marines who knew him wereaware that he was studying Russian; 386 one of them, Henry J. Roussel,Jr., arranged a date between Lee and his aunt, Rosaleen Quinn, anairline stewardess who was also studying Russian.387 (Miss Quinnthought that Oswald spoke Russian well in view of his lack of formaltraining; she found the evening uninteresting.388 Donovan, with whomshe had a date later, testified that she told him that Oswald was"kind of an oddball.") 389 He read, and perhaps subscribed to, anewspaper, possibly printed in Russian, which his associates connectedwith his Russian bent.390

Most of those who knew him were able to recount anecdotes whichsuggest that he was anxious to publicize his liking for thingsRussian, sometimes in good humor and sometimes seriously. Some of hisfellows called him "Oswaldskovich," apparently to his pleasure.391 Heis said to have had his name written in Russian on one of hisjackets;392 to have played records of Russian songs "so loud that onecould hear them outside the barracks"; 393 frequently to have maderemarks in Russian 394 or used expressions like "da" or "nyet," 395 oraddressed others (and been addressed) as "Comrade";396 to have comeover and said jokingly, "You called?" when one of the marines playeda particular record of Russian music.397

Another marine, Nelson Delgado, met Oswald soon after the latterarrived at El Toro.415 They were about the same age and had similarinterests; Oswald enjoyed trying to speak Spanish with Delgado, whospoke it fluently.416 Delgado regarded him as a "complete believerthat our way of government was not quite right," but did not think hewas a Communist.417 Their discussions were concerned more with Cubathan Russia.418 They both favored the Castro government andtalked--"dreaming," Delgado said--about joining the Cuban Army orGovernment and perhaps leading expeditions to other Caribbean islandsto "free them too." 419 Oswald told Delgado that he was in touch withCuban diplomatic officials in this count; which Delgado at first,took to be "one of his ... lies," 420 but later believed.421

On the basis of these representations, Oswald's application wasapproved by the college.447 He enclosed a registration fee of $25 ina letter dated June 19, in which he said that he was "looking forwardto a fine stay." 448 Few of the other marines seem to have known aboutthis application. He told Delgado, however, that he planned to attenda Swiss school to study psychology, and Delgado knew that someapplication had been made.449 Another marine, Richard Call, also knewsomething of his plans.450

Sometime in the second week of March, Miss Katherine Mallory, whowas on tour in Minsk with the University of Michigan symphonic band,found herself surrounded by curious Russian citizens. A young man whoidentified himself as a Texan and former marine stepped out of thecrowd and asked if she needed an interpreter; he interpreted for herfor the next 15 or 20 minutes. Later he told her that he despised theUnited States and hoped to stay in Minsk for the rest of his life.Miss Mallory is unable to swear that her interpreter was Oswald, butis personally convinced that it was he.638

The society referred the Oswalds to the New York City Departmentof Welfare, which helped them find a room at the Times SquareHotel.819 Oswald told both Raikin and representatives of the welfaredepartment that he had been a marine stationed at the American Embassyin Moscow, had married a Russian girl, renounced his citizenship, andworked in Minsk; he soon found out, he said, that the Russianpropaganda was inaccurate but had not been able to obtain an exit visafor his wife and child for more than 2 years. He said also that he hadpaid the travel expenses himself.820

In late May and early June, Oswald had apparently begun toformulate plans for creating a New Orleans branch of the Fair Play forCuba Committee. Using the name "Lee Osborne" he ordered a number ofprinted circulars demanding "Hands off Cuba" in large letters, andapplication forms and membership cards for the proposed chapter.1078On August 5, he visited a store managed by Carlos Bringuier, a Cubanrefugee and avid opponent of Castro and the New Orleans delegate ofthe Cuban student directorate. Oswald indicated an interest in joiningthe struggle against Castro. He told Bringuier that he had been amarine and was trained in guerrilla warfare, and that he was willingnot only to train Cubans to fight Castro but also to join the fighthimself. The next day Oswald returned to the store and left his"Guidebook for Marines" for Bringuier.1079

Although the Soviet and Cuban Embassies are within two blocks ofeach other, they are some distance from Oswald's hotel.1178 He must,therefore, have traversed a substantial portion of the city on morethan one occasion. Marina testified that he told her that he had seena bullfight,1179 which would normally have been on Sunday afternoon,and that he had visited museums 1180 and done some sightseeing.1181 Heapparently also saw one or more motion pictures, either American withSpanish subtitles or Mexican with English subtitles.1182 Fromnotations in his Spanish-English dictionary and on his guide map ofMexico City, it appears that Oswald intended to attend a jai alai game1183 but he almost certainly did not do so.1184

Abstract:The use of multimedia has often been suggested as a teaching tool in foreign language teaching and learning. In foreign language education, exciting new multimedia applications have appeared over the last years, especially for young learners, but many of these do not seem to produce the desired effect in language development. This article looks into the theories of dual-coding (DCT) and multimedia learning (CTML) as the theoretical basis for the development of more effective digital tools with the use of films and subtitling. Bilingual dual-coding is also presented as a means of indirect access from one language to another and the different types of subtitling are explored regarding their effectiveness, especially in the field of short-term and long-term vocabulary recall and development. Finally, the article looks into some new alternative audiovisual tools that actively engage learners with films and subtitling, tailored towards vocabulary learning.Keywords: multimedia learning; dual-coding; subtitles; vocabulary acquisition

As part of the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy sent an attack group of submarines to surround Oahu and sink ships attempting to flee. Five of the submarines carried top-secret "mini submarines." These submarines, each armed with two torpedoes and carrying two crew members, were to penetrate inside the harbor under cover of darkness before the attack began. They were to surface and fire their torpedoes during the aerial attack. Then, they would dive and escape the harbor, and rendezvous with their "mother submarines," again under cover of darkness the night of December 7.


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